Nanomaterials and technologies of their production
Liberec region is called the cradle of industrial production of nanofibers. Nanotechnologies have found their breeding ground in the region. The beginning of a new millennium became a turning point for them. In 2003, Professor Oldřich Jirsák's team at the Technical University of Liberec developed the Nanospider technology, enabling the production of nanofibers on an industrial scale. It was put into practice by Elmarco. Both TUL and Elmarco are further developing the production and application of nanofibers. Other entities benefiting from local knowledge of nanomaterials are emerging in the region.
The development of technologies at the Technical University of Liberec is still continuing. The success of the university's interfaculty development team, which developed a technological line for the production of nanofiber-coated yarn with the support of the Nanoprogress cluster organization in 2017 can serve as an example.
The nano-industry is developing very progressively worldwide. Its local strategic importance is indisputable due to its wide applicability. Nanotechnologies are used in the traditional industries in Liberec Region and also give rise to new industries. From the textile industry, engineering or automotive through medicine, biomedicine, pharmacy, the cosmetics industry to environmental protection.
Nanofibers can help in wound healing, water and air filtering (so-called nanotowels are known from the COVID crisis) very well or they can be applied in special clothing for sports, the army or integrated rescue system forces. Nanostructured layers can cover tools or machine components and extend their service life. Nanoparticles can then improve product properties. One such example is silver, which has antibacterial properties at nanoscale.
Regional subjects follow a path of high specialization in order to stay at the forefront of the industry. Cooperation with hi-tech workplaces throughout the country and in the international environment is necessary. As well as a great deal of patience. Overcoming obstacles, so typical of most young industries, is not avoided by nanotechnologies either. The greater time and financial demands of putting products into common practice (certification, tests, etc.) are an example of what still needs to be taken into account. Nevertheless, the regional nano-industry maintains a very solid dynamics and is rightfully one of the important progressive sectors in the region.
Unbeatable knowledge in Liberec Region
Needle-free electrostatic spinning
Alternating current electrospinning
Production of coaxial (two-component) nanofibers
Durable antibacterial layer technology
Nanosurface preparation technology
Nanocomposite production technology